The enduring impacts of COVID-19 are found to be in four different ways.
The National Institute for Health Research says that COVID-19 can be a long term illness.
In the research conducted, it was revealed that many patients had reoccurring symptoms even after leaving the hospital. Most of them complained of breathlessness, fatigue, dizziness, and more.
An interview conducted via Facebook with 14 individuals also stated that they experienced the same symptoms after discharged from the hospital.
The lasting effects and symptoms of COVID-19
The review found that the affected functions include the cardiovascular system, brain, lungs, liver, kidneys, and skin. Four main different syndromes cause the symptoms are the post-viral fatigue syndrome, the post-intensive-care syndrome, the permanent organ damage to the lungs and heart, and the continuing COVID-19 symptoms.
In the report, Dr. Elaine Maxwell stated that only patients with severe infections could face long-term effects. But after a careful study, the results came out to be different.
It stated that all the affected individuals, irrespective of the severity, are facing the long-term effects. She further added that more people were suffering from long term symptoms than the actual severely affected individuals.
Professor Danny Altmann, an immunologist from Imperial College, disagrees with the statements. He stated that narrowing the symptoms to just four is too simplistic.
Previous studies and results
Studies showed that people infected during the SARS outbreak in 2003 showed similar weakness and fatigue due to COVID-19’s long-term symptoms.
A recent study conducted by Austria found that half of the patients discharged after six weeks experienced breathlessness, which eventually dropped to 39% after 12 weeks.
It also showed that the survivors had impaired lung function after the infection. It comes along with tissue damage to the heart even in mild infections. However, they showed improvement after proper treatment, which was noted to be important.
In respective of age groups
The NIHR further reported that the lasting symptoms were observed in all the age groups. But an unpublished study related to it stated that women and old aged people hold a greater risk of enduring the syndromes.
It also explained that the symptoms last longer as the age groups progress above 18.
For patients with dementia, it seemed that the infection further declines their cognitive state.
This year, many health centers noticed a rise in cases of children with MIS-C (multi inflammatory syndrome- C). The center for disease control and prevention issued a warning and further reported it as a complication related to COVID-19.
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